Bac Anglais $1^{er}$ groupe S1 S2 S2A S4 S5 2019

 
                                                   Text :
                 
New analysis shows better family planning can break the cycle of poverty, drive new economic $1$ growth, and improve the health of a country's citizens. 
 
A new report on family planning in the $2$ world's $69$ lowest-income countries has shown that contraception use is growing fastest in Africa, $3$ with $24\%$ of women of reproductive age now using modern methods. 
 
The report showed that $4$ contraception needs are being increasingly met across Africa, with Eastern and Southern Africa $5$ witnessing the most gains. 
 
Within this region, $63\%$ of demand for modern contraception was met $6$ in $2018$, up from $54\%$ in $2012.$ 
 
The report also shows how better access to family planning can deliver a powerful demographic $8$ dividend that can help transform economies, as birthrates drop and the ratio of adults to $9$ dependent children increases. 
 
With fewer dependents to support, a country can invest more in $10$ education, infrastructure, and other productivity-enhancing measures. 
 
“Family planning empowers women, and empowered women are economic dynamos : joining the $12$ labour force, starting their own businesses, and investing in their communities is easier. 
 
This $13$ sparks a ripple effect that generates vast benefits across society, driving productivity, prosperity, $14$ and sustainability,” said Executive Director of Family Planning $2020$, Beth Schlachter. 
 
Women $15$ represent half of the world population, and there can be no healthy population globally or in Africa $16$ without reproductive health care. 
 
As we continue to build the framework for Universal Health $17$ Coverage, we must ensure access to full, free and voluntary contraception is included for all $18$ women and girls,” finished Schlachter. 
 
Across the $69$ lowest-income countries - including Latin America, the Middle East and Asia - the use of modern contraception prevented more than $119$ million unintended pregnancies, $20$ million unsafe abortions and $137.000$ maternal deaths between July $2017$ and July $2018.$ 
 
Yet, while progress on key family planning outcomes has been impressive, there remains far more work to do, and an increasingly important role for cross-sectoral collaboration.
 
                                                                        New African $17/12/2018$                  

I. Reading comprehension   (8 Marks)

A/ Circle what you consider the best title for the text.   (1 mark)
 
a- The disadvantages of using contraceptive methods.
 
b- Family planning only adopted by African Countries.
 
c- The positive effects of family planning.
 
d- The difficult access to contraceptive methods.
 
B/ Complete the following diagram with information from the text.  (02 marks)
 
 
C/ Fill in the following passage with words from the indicated paragraphs.  (02 marks)
 
According to researchers, family planning can reduce 7..................... (P1) especially in African countries which are fortunately 8 ..................... (P1) the most important advantages of it. 
 
In fact with the 9 ........................ (P2) in birth percentages, women are 10 ....................... and therefore, can contribute more to the economic development of their countries.
 
D/ What do these figures refer to in the text ?
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline \text{Percentages}&\text{References}\\ \hline 11-\qquad 54\%&...............................\\ \hline 12-\qquad 63\%&................................\\ \hline 13-\qquad\ldots\%&\text{Percentage of the rise of contraception use}\\ &\text{between 2012 and 2018}\\ \hline  \end{array}$$
 
E/ Find the equivalents of the following words in the text.
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \text{Paragraphs}&\text{Words}&\text{Equivalents in the text}\\ \hline 14-\qquad P_{1}&\text{foster} &.........................................................\\ \hline 15-\qquad P_{3}&\text{forces}&..........................................................\\ \hline 16-\qquad P_{4}&\text{remarkable}&.......................................................\\ \hline \end{array}$$

II- Linguistic and Communicative Competence

F/ Underline the correct answer among the words in brackets.  (02 marks)
 
Women who have adopted family planning are generally ($17$ - healthiest - healthier - more healthy) than those who do not practice it. 
 
It is noticed that some of them are reluctant ($18$ - for practising - practise - to practise) it because of religious beliefs. 
 
But health authorities are advocating it ($19$ - though - despite - whereas) religious recommendation to increase the number of believers. 
 
Let's improve women's health ($20$ - in - by - for) sensitizing them on the need of contraception use.
 
G/ Rewrite these compound words in full sentences.  (02 marks)

Example :

birth - limiting pills : Pills which limit birth.
 
21- Productivity - enhancing measures ............................................................................
 
22- Lowest - income countries ............................................ .......................................
 
H- Dialogue completion
 
Sokhna, a twenty - seven year old mother of five children who is worried about her health, went to see the gynecologist. Complete their conversation.  (03 marks)
 
Sokhna : Good morning, Doctor.
 
Doctor : Good morning. 
 
Take a seat, please.
 
Sokhna : Thanks a lot.
 
Doctor : 23 .................................................................................................. ? 
 
Sokhna : Today, I am here just for some advice, I have already had five children and, honestly, I don’t feel fit enough for another pregnancy.
 
Doctor : 24 .................................................................................................. contraception ?
 
Sokhna : That’s a good suggestion, Doctor.
 
Doctor : But, 25 ............................................................................................. to your husband about your problem ?
 
Sokhna : No, I haven't talked to him yet. 
 
I don't think he (to agree) 26 ................................................... because I only have girls and he always says that he wants a boy.
 
Doctor : Oh! To my mind, that's not so important. 
 
He had better (to think) 27 .............................................................. of your health first.
 
Sokhna : Ok, I will try to convince him. 
 
But, generally African men don't appreciate family planning, 28 ......................................................... ?

III- Writing 

Choose one of the two topics
 
1- On the occasion of Women's Day, a health care officer is delivering a speech to the women and girls of his area to sensitize them women on the necessity to use contraception for birth control. 
 
Write down the speech.  
 
(Write $80$ words minimum)
 
2- Two women are discussing family planning. 
 
One of them, Fama has decided to limit herself to two children and, Coumba, her friend does not agree and she tries to convince her not to do so.
 
Imagine their conversation.
 
(Write $100$ words minimum)
 
26- will agree
 
27- think
 
28- do they ?
 
III- Writing.
 
Relevance of ideas (1 mark)
 
Coherence and cohesion (1 mark)
 
Accuracy (1 mark)
 
Originality (1 mark)
 
Grammar (1 mark)
 
Matière: 
Année: 

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